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50 facts about Uzbekistan

1. In terms of gold reserves, Uzbekistan ranks fourth in the world after South Africa, the United States and Russia. And in terms of gold production – the second place among the CIS countries, after Russia.

2. Uzbekistan is one of the five leading world producers of cotton. Five countries of the world: China, the United States, India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan – together produce 65% of its total number. In terms of cotton fiber exports, Uzbekistan ranks third after the United States and India. Over 75% of the cotton fiber produced is shipped for export.

3. By total population, Uzbekistan ranks third among the CIS countries after Russia and Ukraine – over 32 million people.

4. Uzbeks are the third largest Turkic-speaking people in the world. After the Turks and Azerbaijanis (Azerbaijanis living in Azerbaijan and Iran).

5. Uzbekistan consists of more than two-thirds of the plains (Turan lowland, Fergana valley, Amudarya, Syrdarya, Zarafshan and their tributaries) and 1/3 – from mountains and foothills (spurs of Tien Shan, Gissaro-Alai) .

6. Highest point: Gissar range (4,643 m above sea level)

7. The lowest point: Mynbulak depression (-12.8 m below sea level)

8. The weather in Uzbekistan is very hot. In summer, the temperature can reach 45 ° C (113 ° F) and higher. Humidity is low. You should have this in mind visiting the country to take care of the headdress, light clothing is preferably made of cotton, and as drinking water.

9. Water in Uzbekistan is usually drunk directly from the tap, city water meets all international requirements and is absolutely clean.

10. Uzbekistan – the only country in the world, the names of all neighbors which end in “camp”. And also this is the only country in Central Asia bordering all countries of the region.

11. Uzbekistan along with Liechtenstein are the only countries in the world, even their neighbors do not have access to the ocean.

12. The oldest cities of Uzbekistan are more than 2750 years old and of them the most famous is Samarkand, the same age as Rome, one of the oldest cities in the world.

13. Every Muslim in the world may not know Uzbekistan, but heard and read the hadith of Imam Al-Bukhari, the great theologian of the East. Who collected and wrote about 600 thousand hadiths – legends based on events from life or some dictum of the Prophet.

14. The Tashkent television tower, which is the highest in Central Asia, was built in 1985 and its height is 375 meters. This is the eleventh highest TV tower in the world (data for 2010), and the TV tower is the second tallest building in Central Asia, after the world’s tallest chimney of Ekibastuz GRES-2 (Kazakhstan).

15. For the first time in history, the image of moving objects at a distance by radio was transmitted on 26 July 1928 in Tashkent by the inventors BP Grabovsky and IF Belyanskiy, which can be considered the date of the birth of modern television.

16. Back at the end of the century before last in the environs of Tashkent in numerous thickets of reeds (tugai) along the rivers and canals of the river. Chirchik were the Turanian tigers.

17. In the observatory in Kitab – on the bank of the river. Kashkadarya, is one of the first five latitudinal stations in the world. Since the spring of 2010, the Kitai team on ORI-40 began to search for dangerous near-Earth asteroids.

18. In Uzbekistan, there is the first Metro in Central Asia, built in 1977. There are no two identical stations. Each of them is a real work of art, all in stucco, marble and gilding. The second in Alma-Ata (Kazakhstan), put into operation on December 1, 2011.

19. Uzbekistan is the only country with more than 90% of Chevrolet cars and more than half of them are white, as it is less heated in the heat.

20. Mirzachul melons are the most delicious in the world, due to a unique combination of dry soil, lean irrigation and a high number of sunny days a year; in general, all fruits, terrestrial vegetables and berries that grow in Uzbekistan, have a very high content of natural sugars.

21. Uzbek fruit is still natural and therefore smell! Broken cucumber, sliced ​​melon, watermelon, tomatoes, peaches! Each fruit can fill an entire room with fragrance.

22. Tashkent is one of the few metropolitan areas in the world where, thanks to low gas pollution, you can see the starry sky at night.

23. There are a lot of greenery and flowers in the cities of Uzbekistan. In all cities, from Andijan to Bukhara. External improvement of cities is given attention.

24. Uzbekistan is a secular state, despite the established stereotypes, in the country absolutely everyone is free in his religion and can choose and follow the rules of absolutely any of them. Despite the fact that the overwhelming majority of citizens profess Islam, this does not affect the everyday way of life, citizens who profess other religions.

25. In Uzbekistan, one of the cheapest taxis in the world, a trip to a distance of 1 km. The official service will cost you $ 0.15. “Taxi” is not necessarily licensed, most citizens are moonlighting taxi drivers without a license and will gladly drive you in the right direction, for cheaper rates.

26. In Uzbekistan, it is customary to bargain, you can do it, like in markets, shops and even negotiating with a taxi.

27. The average salary in Uzbekistan is equivalent to about 300 US dollars.

28. The largest Uzbek banknote is 50,000 soums, which is roughly equivalent to $ 6.25.

29. The drying out of the Aral Sea is a serious environmental problem for Uzbekistan and neighboring countries.

30. The longest river in Central Asia, the Syr Darya, flows through the territory of Uzbekistan and has a length of over two thousand two hundred kilometers.

31. Uzbekistan has ski resorts that you can visit both in winter and in summer.

32. On the slopes of the Hissar Range, the largest and clearest traces of dinosaurs were found. According to scientists, they are more than 75 million years old.

33. In 1990, scientists discovered incomprehensible spots in the Kyzylkum mountains, whose composition was of extraterrestrial origin.

34. You can not stay hungry in Tashkent, as there is a café or restaurant on every corner.

35. The best time to travel to Uzbekistan is August and September. At this time ripen fruit or in spring, in March and April when the weather is not very hot.

36. It was in Uzbekistan that archeologists discovered a find that shocked the whole world. It was the burial place of the princess of Sakya. The mummy of the princess was dressed in an expensive outfit, in which scientists counted 250 buttons of gold. According to historical data, the Saka princess was the wife of Alexander the Great, after the capture of the city of Samarkand.

37. In the Samarkand and Kashkadarya regions, pyramids with a height of about 15 meters were found.

38. One of the highest and longest mountain systems in the world – the Tien-Shan, is only 50 km from Tashkent.

39. Bukhara, a world-famous center and an ancestral home of the greatest Islamic thinkers, scientists and cultural figures, is in Uzbekistan.

40. The best gold in the world (sample – 9999) is mined in Uzbekistan. At the same time, it produces a lot – 77 tons (10th place in the world).

41. The largest cultural and financial center of the “Great Silk Road”, as well as the Islamic center of antiquity – Samarkand, which is included in the world heritage of UNESCO, is in Uzbekistan.

42. It is important that 83% of travelers called Uzbekistan a safe country for tourists, and 76% of them recommended their acquaintances to visit the country. At the same time, 89% of the main qualities of Uzbek people called hospitality.

43. One of the best images of embroidery art is inherent in the culture of the peoples of Uzbekistan.

44. Tashkent University (1920), a pioneer among the universities of Central Asia, is located in Uzbekistan.

45. 99% is the level of literacy of the population of the country. In schools, English is taught from the first grade, which is why almost every young person understands this language.

46. ​​Not all modern states of the world can boast of their fundamental research and scientific results in such fields of science as biophysics, genetics, geology, etc., which are currently conducted in Uzbekistan.

47. Pilau is the queen of dishes of Uzbek cuisine, which is known all over the world.

48. Uzbekistan is the largest exporter of electricity in Central Asia, thanks to hydroelectric power plants on the Chirchik and Akhangaran rivers.

49. In Uzbekistan, without any discrimination, they speak 4 languages ​​- Uzbek (state), Karakalpak, Russian and Tajik.

50. Alisher Navoiy, the founder of the literary Turkic language, is a vivid representative of the Uzbek people.